• amanda0195

Roman Republic and Empire Timeline

  • Mythological Beginning

  • Romulus and Remus (753 BC)

  • Aeneus from Troy (Virgil)

  • Sailed to Rome after the fall of Troy

  • Had affair with Dido of Carthage (Phoenicians)

  • When Aeneus left her, she committed suicide and vowed that Carthage and Rome would always be enemies

  • Etruscans

  • Monarchy

  • Culture: Women equal, superstition.

  • Built Rome

  • Overthrown 508 BC

  • After "rape of Lucretia"

  • New govt.

  • Republican form

  • Consuls, praetors, senate

  • Expansion

  • 340 Latin states

  • Greek communities in south Italy 267 BC

  • Etruscans 264 BC

  • Struggle of orders 494 BC to 287 BC

  • Patricians v. Plebeians

  • Council of plebs, tribune

  • Punic Wars

  • First – Sicily

  • Second – Hannibal, Battle of Cannae, Battle of Zama 202 BC

  • Third – 146 BC Carthage destroyed

  • Greeks taken over 146 BC

FALL OF THE REPUBLIC (133-31 B.C.)

  • Fall of Republic 133-31 BC

  • Gracchus Brothers (reforms)

  • Marius (army of landless, loyal to generals)

  • Sulla (march into Rome)

  • Spartacus – 73 BC

  • First Triumvirate

  • Crassus, Pompey, Julius Caesar (60 BC)

  • Julius Caesar

  • Killed 44 BC

  • Becomes “dictator for life”

  • crossed Rubicon

  • Octavian (Augustus) (31 BCE – 14 CE)

  • Defeated Antony and Cleopatra, Battle of Actium 31 BC)

  • “Restoration of the Republic” 27 BC

  • Pax Romana

ROMAN EMPIRE

EARLY EMPIRE (14-180)

  • Tiberius

  • Established Julio-Claudian dynasty (14-68)

  • Nero (54-68)

  • Persecuted Christians

  • Eliminated people

  • Five Good Emperors (96-180)

  • Trajan (to Dacia, Mesopotamia, Sinai)

  • Hadrian (117-138), withdrew, wall in Britain

  • Caracalla 212

  • Roman citizenship to all

  • Crisis of Third Century

  • Severan rulers (193-235)

  • Anarchy

LATE ROMAN EMPIRE (end 3rd, beg. Of 4th c.)

  • Diocletian (284-305)

  • Divided empire into Tetrarchy

  • Constantine (306-337)

  • Reunified Empire

  • Edict of Milan 312 – Christianity tolerated

  • Capital moved to Constantinople

  • Theodosius 347 -395

  • Christianity official religion

  • Visigoths

  • Pushed out by Hun

  • Battle at Adrianople 378

  • Sacking Rome 410

  • Odoacer

  • German “master of soldiers”

  • Deposed last emperor in West in 476

  • Romulus Augustus


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