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European History Timeline

1400S

1453

Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople

End of Hundred Years War

1469

Isabella and Ferdinand get married uniting Castile and Aragon

1488

Bartholomeu Dias sails around the Cape of Good Hope

1492

Columbus sails to America

Reconquista in Spain

Lorenzo the Magnificent dies

Beginning of High Renaissance

1494

Treaty of Tordesillas

1497

Bonfire of the Vanities, Savanarola

1500S

1509-1547

Rule of King Henry VIII

1509

Erasmus's Praise of Folly

1511

Martin Luther goes to Rome

1513

Machiavelli's The Prince

1516

Thomas More's utopia

1517

Martin Luther posts 95 Theses on doors of Wittenburg Church, Beginning of Reformation

1521

Diet of Worms

1524-1527

German Peasants War

1525

Martin Luther and Katherine von Bora get married

1526

Sacking of Rome

1534

Act of Supremacy - Henry VIII is head of Church of England

1543

Copernicus dies

1545-1563

Council of Trent

1555

Peace of Augsburg, Charles V

1567-1625

Rule of James I of England

1572

Barthomew Day Massacre

1588

Spanish Armada, Philip II

1589-1610

Rule of Henry IV of France

1598

Edict of Nantes

1600s

1610

Henry of Navarre dies

1618-1648

Thirty Years War, Richelieu (Louis XIII)

1642-1649

English Civil War

1643-1714

Rule of Louis XIV

1648

Peace of Westphalia

1682-1725

Rule of Peter the Great of Russia

1687

Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton

1688

Glorious Revolution

1700s

1701-1714

War of Spanish Succession

1704

John Locke dies

1713

Treaty of Utrecht, End of War of Spanish Succession

Pragmatic Sanction, Charles VI, HRE ensures that his daughter Maria Theresa inherits rule

1715

Death of Louis XIV

1740-1748

War of Austrian Succession

1750-1850 (around)

Industrial Revolution begins in England

1754-1763

Seven Years War

1756

Diplomatic Revolution

1762-1796

Rule of Catherine the Great of Russia

1776

United States declares independence

1789

French Revolution begins, Storming of the Bastille

1792

France becomes a Republic

1800s

1815

Congress of Vienna

1830

French Revolution of 1830, Charles X overthrown

Belgium independent

1832

Reform Bill in England

1838

Chartist movement

1848

Revolutions in Europe

Marx publishes Communist Manifesto

1853-1856

Crimean War

1861

Czar Alexander II frees Russian serfs

Victor Emmanuel II becomes first king of Italy

1869

Suez Canal opens

1871

Franco-Prussian War, German Unification

1900s

1905

Russo-Japanese War

Revolution of 1905 in Russia, Nicholas II creates Duma

1914-1918

World War I

1917

March and November (Bolshevik) Revolutions in Russia

United States enters WWI

1922

Mussolini comes to power

1924

Lenin dies

1929

Great Depression starts in U.S.

1933

Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

1939-1945

World War II

1953

Stalin dies

1968

Prague Spring, Czechoslovakia

1992

Maastricht Treaty created European Union

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