• Amanda Roraback

Immigration

Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Passed by John Adams

1820-1860 Irish immigration

  • Irish potato famine

  • Many were Catholic

German immigrants

  • Most to midwest to buy farms in Milwaukee, St. Louis, Cincinnati

1849 Know-Nothing Party formed

  • Backlash from Irish and German immigrants

1849 Gold Rush

  • Attracted immigrants, including Chinese

1880-1992 New Immigrants

  • Mostly from southern, eastern and central Europe

  • 4 million Italians, 2 million Jews

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Barred Chinese immigrants (.002% of population) from entering US

  • First act in American history to restrict an immigrant group

1892 Ellis Island opens

  • First immigration station

  • New York Harbor

  • 1892-1954 more than 12 million immigrants came through Ellis Island

1907 Gentlemen's Agreement

  • San Francisco segregated schools

  • Restricting Japanese from attending schools with white students

  • Theodore Roosevelt urged SF to end segregation

  • In exchange, Japan agreed to limit Japanese emigration to US

1910 Angel Island Immigration Station

  • Opened in San Francisco

  • Operated until 1940

1917 Immigration Act

  • Created literacy requirements for immigrants

  • Halts most immigration from Asian countries

1921 Emergency Quota Act

  • Limited immigrants to 3% of each nationality based on 1910 census

1924 National Origins Act/Asian Exclusion Act

  • Limited immigrants to 2% of each nationality based on 1890 census

  • Favored immigrants from northern and western European countries

  • GB, Ireland and Germany accounted for 70% of available visas

  • Prevented immigration from Asia (except US colony Philippines)

1942 Bracero Program

  • Allowed Mexican agricultural workers to enter US temporarily during WWI

  • Lasted until 1964

1952 McCarran-Walter Act

  • Ended exclusion of Asian immigrants to the US

1960-62

  • Operation Peter Pan, 14,000 Cuban children allowed to come to the US

1965 Immigration and Nationality Act

  • Replaced National Origins formula with system based on preference for immigrants based on skill and family relationships

  • Passed by Lyndon B. Johnson

1980 Mariel boatlift

  • 125,000 Cuban refugees arrived in Florida seeking political asylum

1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA or Simpson-Mazzoli Act)

  • Signed into law by President Reagan

  • Made it illegal to knowingly hire illegal immigrants.

  • Also legalized undocumented immigrants who arrived before 1982

1994 Proposition 187

  • AKA Save Our State (SOS)

  • 1994 ballot initiative to prohibit undocumented immigrants from using health care and public education in California

  • Referendum was passed Nov. 8, 1994

  • But rejected Nov. 11 as unconstitutional

  • Cited as the major reason for the decline of the Republican Party in California

2000 DREAM Act (Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors)

  • Proposed by Senators Dick Durbin and Orrin Hatch

  • Provided pathway to legal status for undocumented immigrants brought to the US illegally by their parents ("Dreamers")

  • Didn't pass

2012 DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals)

  • Temporary shielded "Dreamers" from deportation (not path to citizenship)

  • Signed by President Obama

2017 Trump

0 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

European History Timeline

1400S 1453 Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople End of Hundred Years War 1469 Isabella and Ferdinand get married uniting Castile and Aragon 1488 Bartholomeu Dias sails around the Cape of Good Hope 1492

© 2016 World in a Nutshell, Created on Wix.com

  • Black Facebook Icon
  • Black Twitter Icon
  • Black Pinterest Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon